This coming 16th of October 2020, millions of people across the globe will gather at marches, exhibitions, marathons and concerts in observance of the World Food Day. World Food Day is among the most celebrated days in the United Nations calendar that was initiated by the United Nations’ Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).
History of World Food Day
World Food Day is a global day celebrated annually all over the world every 16th of October to commemorate the date that Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN was founded back in 1945. This special day is celebrated the world over by different organizations that have something to do with food security such as the International Fund for Agricultural Development and World Food Program.
It was during the 20th General Conference of the Member Countries of FAO in November 1979 when the World Food Day was officially established. The Hungarian Delegation, spearheaded by Dr. Pál Romány, the past Hungarian Minister of Agriculture and Food, had an active role during the 20th session of FAO Conference and recommended the idea of the worldwide celebration of World Food Day. From then on, it has been observed on a yearly basis in over 150 countries to raise awareness of the problems behind hunger and poverty.
In 2014, the theme of World Food Day was focused on family farming and how it can feed the world and care for the earth at the same time. The 2015 theme was agriculture and social protection to break the cycle of poverty in rural areas. The theme for 2016 was on the changes in the climate and how agriculture and food should also change accordingly that resembles the theme in 1989, 2002 and 2008.
Aside from being a series of casual festivities, the World Food Day is being organized and held to create and increase awareness on how changing the planet can affect the distribution and production of food. Related events focus on various topics like analyzing how agriculture must adapt because of climate change as well as the way migration impacts food security. These sessions have the goal of setting goals that will soon lead to the development of Zero Hunger Prevention.
Themes of World Food Day
From 1981 onwards, World Food Day used a different theme every year to focus on the areas that required action and offer a common focus.
Many of these themes were about agriculture since investing in agriculture alone, combined with sufficient support for health and education, can help turn around the current situation. The bulk of this investment must come from the private sector and public investment also plays an important role, particularly when it comes to stimulating and facilitating effect on the private investment.
Despite the crucial role of agriculture as the main driving force in economies of most developing countries, this important sector often lacks investment. In fact, foreign aid on the industry has seen significant declines for the past couple of decades.